1832 Louis Panormo Guitar
After Louis Panormo began building guitars in the"Spanish Style" in London
in the 1820's, his son-in-law, A.F. Huerta, performed with his
Panormo-built guitar in the United States, spreading awareness of the
Spanish Style to C.F. Martin.
Soon Martin began to abandon the Viennese Style guitar in favor of the
This Panormo has the distinctive slotted headstock style which replaced
the earlier European solid "paddle" headstock with ivory pegs.
This higher grade Panormo used high quality "Baker" tuners with bone
rollers and fancy pearl buttons.
In the 1840's, Martin moved from primarily using the imported Viennese
Style headstock with all six tuners on one side,
...to using a slotted headstock with three machines on either side.
Martin occasionally used fine French "Jerome" tuners with bone rollers and
fancy pearl buttons on his higher grade guitars.
In the 1840's, Martin also moved from the round body shape of the Viennese
guitar to the Spanish influenced shape of the Panormo.
The Early Stauffer Style Martins bore the hourglass shape of the Viennese
Style guitars of his mentor.
Notice how the shape of the Spanish Style Panormo on the left has
influenced the later, small, narrower Martin "Spanish Style" parlor guitar
of the 1840's, with a relatively smaller upper bout and square ended lower
The higher end Panormo has a rosette inlaid with pearl diamonds and
In the 1840's, Martin echoed the Panormo's rosette pattern of alternating
pearl diamonds and squares.
Even the type styles and fancy filigree pattern of the label affixed to
the back of the Panormo was seen as well on mid-Nineteenth Century Martin
& Coupa labels.
The Panormo has a cedar neck with a "Spanish heel", and a simple straight
line back strip extending to the heel cap.
By the 1840's, Martin's Spanish Style guitars had followed the lead and
replaced the ebonized neck with ice cream cone heel...
...with a cedar neck with "Spanish Heel", and also borrowed the
austere, simple straight line holly wood back strip extending onto the
This Panormo also has side filets, or simple light wood lines on the sides
adjacent to the bindings.
These side filets were borrowed by Martin's Style 23 and 24 guitars.
Perhaps most importantly, Martin replaced the straight ladder bracing of
the Stuffer influenced Viennese Style guitars...
...with the fan bracing employed by the Spanish guitar.
Here we see a five blade example of Martin's version of fan bracing.
The Panormo was constructed with a "Spanish Foot" joining the neck to the
Martin also copied the "Spanish Foot" used by Panormo, implementing a
"false" foot on his Spanish Style guitars.
And early Spanish Style Martin & Coupa Guitars employed the solid
kerfing seen in the interior of the Panormo joining the rims to the back
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